EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) http://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer <p><strong><span id="cell-8-name" class="gridCellContainer"><span class="label">EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158)</span></span>&nbsp;</strong> publishes a wide range of high quality research articles in the field (but not limited to) given below: Agronomy, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant pathology, Plant Science, Fertilizers and pesticides, Genetic Engineering &amp; plant breeding, Animal scienceVeterinary Science, Aquaculture/Fisheries, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural machinery etc. <br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="text-shadow: #ff6600 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 2.417</span></strong></span></p> Engineer's Publication House en-US EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) 2208-2158 <ul> <li>All contributor(s) agree to transfer the copyright of this article to <strong>EPH Journal.</strong></li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have all the rights to distribute, share, sell, modify this research article with proper reference of the contributors.&nbsp;</li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have the right to edit or completely remove the published article on any misconduct happening.</li> </ul> Pre-extension Demonstration of Improved Chickpea Varieties in Konta Special Woreda of Southern Nation Nationalities and Peoples Regional State, Ethiopia. http://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/488 <p>&nbsp;The study was conducted in Konta Special Woreda at Opa-lashe Kebele during meher season of the year 2016. The objective of the study was to demonstrate, disseminate and recommend the best performing chickpeas varieties. The study was carried out in twelve farmers’ field and one Farmer Training Center. Farmers were considered as replications. Training was given for the selected farmers, development agents and Woreda experts about improved chickpea technologies production and management. Then after, two varieties (Arerti and Natoli) were demonstrated in plot size of 100m<sup>2</sup>. NPS and Seed rate used was 100 kg and 140kg per hectare respectively. The spacing between plots, rows and plants was 1m, 30cm and 10 cm respectively. Farmers evaluated and selected the varieties depending on their criteria's set. The ranking procedure was explained for participant farmers and each selection criterion was rated from 1 to 5. The listed traits in the criteria were earliness, number of pods per plant, resistance to disease and grain yield. The descriptive statistics result showed that the variety Natoli was with better mean grain yield performance followed by Arerti. The combined result of mean grain yield and farmers’ performance score suggested that both Natoli and Arerti varieties were selected by the village farmers because of their ability to bear more pods per plant, large seed size, disease resistance and high grain yield but variety Natoli was selected as farmers’ first choice for its higher grain yield compared with Arerti. Moreover, farmers calling for governmental and non-governmental organizations which promote large scale chickpea production with full packages in the study area.</p> Bereket Tufo Abdirazak Abdala ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-02-28 2018-02-28 4 2 01 06 Pre-extension Demonstration of Improved Bread Wheat Varieties in Dawro Zone and Konta Special Woreda of Southern Nation Nationalities and Peoples Regional State, Ethiopia. http://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/489 <p>The study was conducted in Dawro Zone of Tocha and Essera Woreda and Konta Special Woreda. The objective of the study was to demonstrate, recommend and transfer the best performing bread wheat varieties based on grain yield performance and farmers’ preference. In each kebele, one FTC and twelve farmers (8 male and four female farmers) were involved during ‘’meher’’ season of the year 2016. Training was given for the selected farmers and other stakeholders. Providing full packages of bread wheat technology- variety Ogolicho, Shorima and local were demonstrated in Konta Special Woreda but variety Shorima, Kakaba and Local were demonstrated in Dawro Zone of Tocha and Essera Woreda. Plot size of 10m X 10m was used and seeds were planted at a rate of 100kg/ha in all fields. The recommended rate of DAP (100kg/ha) and UREA (50 kg/ha) were used. &nbsp;The spacing between plots and row was 1m and 30cm by drilling &nbsp;respectively. Field days were organized; farmers evaluated and selected the best performed varieties depending on their criteria's set. The criteria were earliness, tillering capacity, seed size, spike length, resistance to diseases and grain yield. During farmers’ selection process both female and male farmers had been incorporated so as to avoid gender bias. The result showed that variety Ogolicho was the best yielder with grain yield of 39.7 qt/ha and 36 qt/ha at Buba-damota Kebele and Chaka-bocha Kebele respectively followed by the variety Shorima (37.8 qt/ha at Buba Damota and 29 qt/ha at Chaka-bocha) in Konta Special Woreda. In Tocha and Essera Woreda, variety Shorima was with better grain yield performance at Edget kebele of Tocha Woreda (34.5 qt/ha) and Arsi-bale Kebele of Essera Woreda (34.4 qt/ha) respectively. Therefore, based on the farmers’ criteria and grain yield performance, variety Ogolicho selected as first followed by Shorima in Konta Special Woreda, and variety Shorma in Tocha and Essera Woreda, were recommended with its full packages for further pre-scaling.</p> Bereket Tufo Abdirazak Abdala ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-02-28 2018-02-28 4 2 07 15 SOIL FUNGAL DIVERSITY IN CABBAGE HABITATS WITH AND WITHOUT CLUBROOT SYMPTOM http://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/496 <p>Cabbage (<em>Brassica oleracea</em> L.) was a vegetable crops cultivated in the highlands to meet the needs of the community vegetable. The main obstacle was the cultivation of cabbage root disease outbreak mace (clubroot), which until now have not found an effective control techniques. Clubroot disease caused by organisms that resemble fungi : <em>Plasmodiophora brassicae</em> Wor. which was the soil inhibitant&nbsp; and soil borne pathogen. Therefore, there must be a way to control environmentally friendly by using suppressive soil, find microbes antagonists related to the cabbage plant habitat in the soil. The results showed that the index of diversity both on suppressive and conducive soil of 1.2304 and 1.2811 respectively, and the index of dominance on the suppressive and conducive soil&nbsp; were 0.6677 and 0.6838.&nbsp; Prevalence micoflora of&nbsp; the suppressive soil&nbsp; amounted to 44.22 % and 43.06 % conducive soil all dominated by <em>Fusarium</em> spp. Microbial antagonist as a potential control of <em>P. brassicae </em>was <em>Trichoderma</em> sp . Based on the analysis in the suppressive soil as much as 171 x 10<sup>3</sup> cfu /g soil, higher than on the conducive soil to 90 x 10<sup>3</sup> cfu /g soil.</p> I Made Sudarma Ni Nnegah Darmiati Ni Wayan Suniti I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Dwi Widaningsih ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-02-28 2018-02-28 4 2 16 22 Screening of Some Olive Cultivars (Olea europaea L.) For Tolerance to Spilocaea oleagina. http://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/446 <p>This research aimed to evaluate the susceptibility of 23 olive (<em>Olea europaea</em> L.) cultivars (13 local and 10 Introduced) to olive leaf spot (peacock eye) disease caused by <em>Spilocaea oleagina</em>, in order to select the highest tolerant cultivars for olive breeding and genetic improvement programs. This research was carried out on 2016 In Bouka Center for Research and Plant Production, Lattakia, Syria.</p> <p>Three trees of each cultivar were selected and 100 young leaves/tree, not showing any disease symptom, were collected and tested by 5% NaOH treatment. Latent and severity infection of olive leaf spot were estimated. The results were subjected to ANOVA analysis at a significant level of 5%.</p> <p>Percentage of infected leaves varied between analyzed cultivars, the highest percentage of infection (92.67%) was detected in Dermlali cultivar while the lowest one (4%) was revealed in Zorzalina. The maximum percentage of infection severity (67.25%) was shown in Abo-Satl cultivar while the minimum value (1.17%) was ​​found in the Spanish Zorzalina and Gordal cultivars</p> <p>Based on tolerance level against <em>Spilocaea oleagina</em>, the cultivars were divided into five groups. The first group was classified as very tolerant and was represented by Zorzalina, Chemlal, Gordal, and Picholine cultivars, followed by tolerant (Jlot and Coratina), moderately tolerant (Frantoio cultivar), susceptible (Khdairi, Hmaisi, Klkali, Mnaikiri, Dan, Mosaabi, Konservolia and Tanche) and very susceptible (Mhati, Dermlali, Sorani, Doaibli, Abo Satl, Kaisy, and Trilia). No full resistance was detected in any of the analyzed cultivars.</p> Yamen Mouhamad Mahfoud Wafaa Choumane Faisal Doai ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2018-02-28 2018-02-28 4 2 23 30