EPH - International Journal of Business & Management Science (ISSN: 2208-2190) 2017-12-19T14:41:57+00:00 Naeem Akhtar Open Journal Systems PROFIT CALCULATION OF MICRO, SMALL, MEDIUM ENTERPRISES AND COOPERATIVES IN MANADO AND TOMOHON CITY 2017-12-19T14:11:08+00:00 Vicky V. J. Panelewen Jolanda K. J. Kalangi <p>This study is intended to learn the advantages of micro, small, medium enterprises and cooperatives in Manado and Tomohon City. This study was conducted at urban area in Manado and Tomohon based on case study approach to 30 enterprises and several cooperatives. The data was analyzed to set up the relationship of profit received. The result of this study indicates the total profit of the enterprises in both cities which consists of micro enterprises by Rp. 1.652.542 up to Rp. 3.740.105 per month, small enterprises by Rp. 5.967.417 up to Rp. 57.947.792 per month, medium enterprises by Rp. 49.921.944 up to Rp. 180.321.500 per month and cooperatives by Rp. 193.811.667 per month in Manado. On the other hand, the total profit of the enterprises in Tomohon consists of micro enterprises by Rp. 2.725.000 up to Rp. 9.452.042 per month, small enterprises by Rp. 6.651.889 up to Rp. 41.669.940 per month, medium enterprises by Rp. 63.666.471 up to Rp. 127.554.722 per month and cooperatives by Rp. 2.114.250 per month.</p> 2017-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Development Communication Strategy for the Implementation of Local Community Based Development Model in West Java Province 2017-12-19T14:17:35+00:00 Anter Venus Duddy Zein Agus Setiaman <p><em>It is necessary to understand the new understanding of rural communities that should be&nbsp;</em><em>viewed or understood as capital, power and development potential, thus the implementation of&nbsp;</em><em>rural development should be directed towards the efforts of development and improvement on the&nbsp;</em><em>initiative and self-help community. The merge of communicty needs with the interests of the&nbsp;</em><em>government, it is necessary to have a platform that can accommodate community participation in&nbsp;</em><em>the implementation of development that has been programmed by the government. The platform&nbsp;</em><em>of community participation should be able to accommodate and fulfill the aspirations and</em><br><em>initiatives of the community, as well as a platform of communication between the community and&nbsp;</em><em>the government and between the community themselves, so that every effort and community&nbsp;</em><em>activities can be coordinated as well as possible.&nbsp;</em><br><em>The results show that the optimal role of local community organizations is limited and often&nbsp;</em><em>constrained on the issue of paternalistic authority, and empowerment through local community&nbsp;</em><em>organizations is often used politically for the sake of power itself.</em></p> 2017-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Efficiency of Line Balancing/Cycle Time Redefined 2017-12-19T14:41:57+00:00 R. T. Ervin Robert Schneider <p>Efficiency is defined as “the ability to do something or produce something without wasting&nbsp;materials, time, or energy: the quality or degree of being efficient.”<br><br><br></p> 2017-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Building inclusive digital societies through the use of open source technologies 2017-12-19T14:36:25+00:00 Petra Turkama <p>Digital convergence offers many new opportunities, but also poses architectural and structural issues. One of the most critical obstacles is the ‘vertical silos model’ that shapes much of today’s Internet. The accumulation of money, power and influence create further concern. We propose the use of open source technologies as a partial solution for the identified challenge. These technologies enable scalability of innovations and drive distribution wealth. Open source technologies have been studied extensively from technical view point, but less from adaptation side. Our research took customer view in technology sourcing. Data was collected in a survey and interviews with 120 companies in Europe. The enquiry revealed that open source technology adaptations were limited due to the uncertainties related to sustainability of communities, SLAs and regulations. The study implied that the industry needs to evolve toward increased customer orientation. The study contributes to adaptation of open source technologies.</p> 2017-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##