EPH - International Journal of Medical and Health Science (ISSN: 2456 - 6063) http://ephjournal.com/index.php/mhs <p><strong><span id="cell-4-name" class="gridCellContainer"><span class="label">EPH - International Journal of Medical and Health Science (ISSN: 2456 - 6063) </span></span></strong> publishes a wide range of high quality research articles in the field (but not limited to) given below: Psychiatric and mental health nursing, Learning disability nursing, Pediatric nursing, Geriatric nursing, Nursing of people in acute care and long term care institutional settings, Home health nursing, Community and Home care, Critical and emergency care etc. <br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="text-shadow: #ff6600 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 2.475</span></strong></span></p> EPH Journal en-US EPH - International Journal of Medical and Health Science (ISSN: 2456 - 6063) <ul> <li>All contributor(s) agree to transfer the copyright of this article to <strong>EPH Journal.</strong></li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have all the rights to distribute, share, sell, modify this research article with proper reference of the contributors.&nbsp;</li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have the right to edit or completely remove the published article on any misconduct happening.</li> </ul> On the Computer Computation of the 'Probacent'-Probability Equation Applicable to Biomedical-Phenomena Research: A Review of the 'Probacent' Formula http://ephjournal.com/index.php/mhs/article/view/1420 <p>Marked variations are generally found in percentages of response occurring in human subjects and other living organisms exposed to external stressors, depending upon intensity of stressor, duration of exposure and individual sensitivity in biological phenomena. A clear and exact quantitative mathematical relationship among these three factors namely, intensity of stressor, duration of exposure and percentage of occurrence of response in biological phenomena such as human tolerance to total body irradiation is not known. The author proposed a general mathematical formula of 'probacent'-probability equation on the basis of results from animal experiments, clinical data reported in the literature, and theoretical reasoning that approximately expresses the relationship among the three factors. For calculation of the 'probacent'-probability equation, UBASIC program was primarily used in researches in various biomedical phenomena, employing Compaq Presario Windows 95 during a period of 23 years from 1995 to 2017. In this study, a possibility of use of Apple computer (OS-X) for mathematical calculation of the 'probacent'-probability equation was examined. &nbsp;Calcline and UBASIC programs were applied to computer computation of the author's previous publication, " Computer-assisted</p> <p>formulas predicting radiation-exposure-induced-cancer risk in interplanetary travelers: Radiation safety for astronauts in space flight to Mars" and compared with regard to accuracy and applicability in computer computation. Calcline program is found to be usable in place of UBASIC on Apple computer, MacBook. Similarity and difference between Calcline and UBASIC are presented.</p> Sung Chung Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Medical and Health Science (ISSN: 2456 - 6063) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-06-23 2019-06-23 5 6 01 23 MINDFULNESS INTERVENTIONS AND SLEEP DISTURBANCE: A MINI REVIEW http://ephjournal.com/index.php/mhs/article/view/1424 <p><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Background:</strong> </span><span class="fontstyle2">Sleep disturbance is a growing medical and public health concern with insomnia increasing worldwide. In addition to exacerbating health problems, insomnia may increase psychological vulnerability and proneness to accidents This is a mini narrative review as to the evidence regarding the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions in the treatment of sleep disturbances such as insomnia in clinical populations.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle2"><br></span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Method: </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2">A search of medical, health, and psychological databases was conducted for mindfulnessbased therapies and intervention variants thereof in the treatment of terms that included: mindfulness-based interventions, mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), mindfulness therapies or treatments AND sleep disturbance, insomnia, poor sleep quality, or sleep disorder.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle2"><br></span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Results: </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2">Standard protocol mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) interventions and the&nbsp; specific mindfulness-based therapy for insomnia (MBT-I) have been investigated as potential nonpharmacologic treatments for insomnia and sleep disturbance in clinical populations. Additionally, randomized controlled clinical trials have been conducted in this area to determine efficacy of such mindfulness treatment strategies.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle2"><br></span><span class="fontstyle0"><strong>Conclusion:</strong> </span><span class="fontstyle2">Accumulating data indicate that mindfulness treatment protocols produce significant<br>sleep outcome benefits with long-term follow-up duration.</span> </p> A.M. Tacon Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Medical and Health Science (ISSN: 2456 - 6063) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-06-23 2019-06-23 5 6 14 31 Place of orthopedic treatment of diaphyseal fractures of the uncomplicated humerus in a precarious environment http://ephjournal.com/index.php/mhs/article/view/1431 <p><strong> <span class="fontstyle0">Introduction </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2"><strong>:</strong> In Madagascar, the management of diaphyseal fractures of the humerus is essentially orthopedic, the functional result is difficult to evaluate because little study has been done.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle2"><br></span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Methods </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2"><strong>:</strong> We performed a prospective, single-center study of patients presenting with a diaphyseal fracture of the uncomplicated humerus treated orthopedically with CHUJRA from December 12th, 2015 to March 31st, 2017 and then reviewed at 6 months of follow-up for the functional evaluation.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle2"><br></span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Results </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2"><strong>:</strong> Twenty-seven cases were collected (2.16%). The average age was 38 years old. The sex ratio was 3.5. The road accident was the most common (63% of cases). 16 out of 27 cases were of type A, 6 of type B and 5 of type C. Eighty-eight percent of fractures were consolidated before the 17th week of management. No pseudarthrosis was encountered. At 6 months of follow-up, the functional score according to the modified Stewart and Hundley score was very good in 03 cases, good in 15 cases, 6 cases of good enough and 3 cases of<br>poor results.</span></p> <p><span class="fontstyle2"><br></span><strong><span class="fontstyle0">Conclusion </span></strong><span class="fontstyle2"><strong>:</strong> The diaphyseal fracture of the humerus is frequent and often secondary to a road accident in Madagascar. Orthopedic treatment not only allows for a high rate of consolidation but also a satisfactory functional recovery</span></p> Tsiahoana Jean Floris TATA RAHARISON AlG RALAHY FM RAZAFIMAHANDRY HJC Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Medical and Health Science (ISSN: 2456 - 6063) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-06-23 2019-06-23 5 6 32 40 Computer-Assisted 'Probacent' Formulas Predicting Tolerance of Mice to Metrazol and Electroshock: Use of Apple Computer with Calcline Program and Method to Construct 'Probacent' Formulas in Biomedical Research http://ephjournal.com/index.php/mhs/article/view/1446 <p>Calcline computer program is applied to construct the author's 'probacent' formulas with use of Apple computer, MacBook that express the mathematical relationship among the drug dose of Metrazol, the time after administration and the percentage of mortality or among the voltage of electroshock, the duration and the percentage of occurrence of convulsion in mice. Analysis of the actual and the computer-assisted predicted mortality or percentage of occurrence of convulsion in mice has shown a remarkable agreement and a fair accuracy (<em>p</em>&gt;0.995 in chi square goodness-of-fit test). The method how to construct the 'probacent' formula in biomedical research is described in detail in this study.</p> Sung Chung Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Medical and Health Science (ISSN: 2456 - 6063) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 5 6 41 58 Trend and Projection of Modern Contraceptive Prevalence Rate in India for FP2020 Commitment. http://ephjournal.com/index.php/mhs/article/view/1455 <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Worldwide, India was the first country to introduce a National Programme for Family Planning in 1952. Following its memorable inception, the Family Planning project has experienced numerous changes as far as approach and real program usage. Now India has committed in the London summit 2012 for family planning programme or interventions. Family planning programme or interventions will be performed as the main component of Universal Health Coverage. It will be achieved through the largest public health programme in the world, the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and as well as National Urban Health Mission (NUHM). And also, India is focusing on SDG, by 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes, as imitated in Sustainable Development Goal 3.7.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>First objective is to analyses the current trend of mCPR and project it for FP2020 and second to analyze the increase in the number of users under FP2020 as per the commitment to increase additional 48 million users.</p> <p><strong>Materials &amp; Method: </strong>We performed a secondary analysis on the data given by FP2020’s website. which provides us information and resources on the global partnership designed for everyone working to advance access to modern contraceptives for all girls and women who want them.</p> <p><strong>Result and conclusion:</strong> The result has estimated that the mCPR will rise to 55 percent in 2020 from 53 of 2012. But if we want to achieve the target of 175.39 (127 million users till 2012 and additional user of 48 million till 2020, which comes out to be 175 million) then we will have to increase the mCPR to 68 percent. Then only we will be able to achieve that. Otherwise the target looks unrealistic to achieve.</p> Abhishek Kumar Rajeev Singh Dhakad Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Medical and Health Science (ISSN: 2456 - 6063) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 5 6 59 65