Effects of Planting Haloxylon aphyllum on Carbon Sequestration Rate and Some Soil Properties In a Arid Region in Iran
A major activity in the desert areas of Iran to control wind erosion, improving environmental conditions especially soil characteristics and increasing carbon sequestration in soil and plants is planting compatible and resistant species, in particular Haloxylon aphyllum. The study area, in the central Iran that was planted with Ha.aph (in the early 1980s), reflects the environmental and management conditions of more than 800,000 hectares of arid lands in Iran well. 5 profiles were randomly drilled at the bottom of the Haloxylon sp. shrubs and 5 profiles are in the adjacent control area without any vegetation soil sampling was carried out from 0 to 30 cm depth. Samples were transferred to the laboratory for measurement of electrical conductivity, pH, organic matter, organic carbon, lime, phosphorus, potassium, soil texture, calcium, magnesium, sodium, soil bulk density and the amount of carbon sequestration in the soil. the data from the grown area and the control were compared using independent t-student test to determine the effect of planting Haloxylon sp. on the soil characteristics of the area. The results show that planting Haloxylon sp. has increased the organic matter content of organic carbon, electrical conductivity, acidity, phosphorus and potassium, and decreased calcium carbonate, silt, calcium, magnesium and sodium in soil. Also, the comparison of the data in the control and planting area indicates a slight change in the soil texture with an increase in the percentage of sand and a decrease in the percentage of silt and clay in the planting area. planting Haloxylon sp. increased the average amount of sequestrated carbon in soil by 28420.2 kg/ha.
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