MYCOFLORA POTENTIAL IN RIZOSPHER AS BIOLOGICAL AGENTS TO CONTROL WILT DISEASES ON PEPPER PLANT (Capsicum frutescens L.)

  • I Made Sudarma
  • Ni Wayan Suniti Staff of Program study Agroecotechnology Faculty of Agriculture Udayana University. JL. PB. Sudirman Denpasar-Bali
  • Ni Nengah Darmiati Staff of Program study Agroecotechnology Faculty of Agriculture Udayana University. JL. PB. Sudirman Denpasar-Bali
  • I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Staff of Program study Agroecotechnology Faculty of Agriculture Udayana University. JL. PB. Sudirman Denpasar-Bali
Keywords: wilt disease, suppressive soil, conducive soil, antagonist, inhibition ability

Abstract

The cause of wilt disease in pepper is Phytophthora capsici fungi, which attacked the pepper plantation area in Kertalangu Village, East Denpasar Sub-district, Denpasar-Bali. The results showed that the fungi on conducive soil were Phytophthora sp., Aspergillus sp., and Neurospora sp. with the highest prevalence attained by Neurospora sp. of 80%, while on suppressive soil found mycellia sterillia fungus, Fusarium sp., Neurospora sp. Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp., Mucor sp., and Trichoderma sp. with the highest prevalence achieved by Penicillium sp. by 27%. The antagonistic fungus found only in suppressive soils is the fungus Neurospora sp., Trichoderma sp., Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp., and Mucor sp. each with a percentage of resistance of 67.78 ± 1.6%, 68.52 ± 2.62%, 75.93 ± 2.62%, 68.77 ± 5.43%; and 67.59 ± 3.82%. The highest inhibition ability is achieved by Aspergillus sp.

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Published
2019-02-04
How to Cite
Sudarma, I. M., Suniti, N. W., Darmiati, N. N., & Bagus, I. G. N. (2019, February 4). MYCOFLORA POTENTIAL IN RIZOSPHER AS BIOLOGICAL AGENTS TO CONTROL WILT DISEASES ON PEPPER PLANT (Capsicum frutescens L.). EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158), 5(1), 36-44. Retrieved from https://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/1107

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