Study of Environmental Health Status in Vicinity of ACC Cement Plant Barmana, Bilaspur District (H.P.)
This paper presents the qualitative impairment of ambient air due to sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, particulate matters and carbon monoxide which are emitted from ACC Cement Factory in Barmana city. Barmana is situated at 31` 25.022’ N latitude and 76` 49.789`E longitude. Barman is about 18 km north of Bilaspur on National Highway NH-21 connecting Ambala and Mandi, Passes through ACC Gagal and its colony. The raw material for the cement factory comes from the place kowari which is located at 31` 24.490` N of 680m. The ill effect of these ambient air pollution on human health such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and Ischemic heart disease and other diseases occur by cement are (respiratory diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, blood pressure diseases, dental diseases, eye diseases, skin diseases). Cement industry is a potential anthropogenic source of air pollution. It is a major contributor to dust, nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), and carbon monoxide (CO) in metropolitan areas. In cement industries, dust is emitted from stock piles, quarrying, and transportation of raw materials, kilns operation, clinker cooling and milling. Therefore the study on air pollution and related impacts on human health have a special consideration today. The human populations of all selected sites were surveyed for prevalence of various diseases such as common diseases occur by cement are (lung cancer, eye irritation, cough, cold, T.B., dental problem, skin diseases, asthma etc.), hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and Ischemic heart disease from the result and observation.
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