EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) https://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer <p><strong><span id="cell-8-name" class="gridCellContainer"><span class="label">EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158)</span></span>&nbsp;</strong> publishes a wide range of high quality research articles in the field (but not limited to) given below: Agronomy, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant pathology, Plant Science, Fertilizers and pesticides, Genetic Engineering &amp; plant breeding, Animal scienceVeterinary Science, Aquaculture/Fisheries, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural machinery etc. <br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="text-shadow: #ff6600 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 2.417</span></strong></span></p> EPH Journal en-US EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) 2208-2158 <ul> <li>All contributor(s) agree to transfer the copyright of this article to <strong>EPH Journal.</strong></li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have all the rights to distribute, share, sell, modify this research article with proper reference of the contributors.&nbsp;</li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have the right to edit or completely remove the published article on any misconduct happening.</li> </ul> Studying the Impact of Early Autumn and Late Spring Frosts on Agricultural Crops Yield in Iran https://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/1218 <p>To study early autumn and late spring frosts and its relation to the yield of agriculture crops in Semnan province we used statistics the least daily minimum temperature of 6 stations in the months of October and November and April during the period (1993-2014) as well as information on yield of agricultural crops from horticulture department of agriculture Organization. Using Pearson correlation coefficient between yield and frequency of early autumn and late spring frosts were studied and finally induced to study the frosts trends for each station. Early frosts of autumn in the province date from 20 October to 23 November and latest frosts ranged from 3 to 23 April and Biarjomand station experience earliest autumn and latest spring frosts. The Relationship between crop yields with frost Occurrence frequency shows that by increasing the number of days of early autumn frosts reduced wheat yield. This condition is for crops such as peas, walnuts and grapes, too. Amongst, the greatest impact is on the potato crop, which is closely related to the pattern of cultivation and harvest. On the other hand, it was found that late spring frosts in the province have the greatest impact on horticultural crops such as cherries, peaches, walnuts and grapes. As a result, early and late frosts changes in Semnan and Miami has increased, which in coming years will be also affected by this situation. Also, early frosts of autumn at harvest time and late spring frosts during flowering have many effects on crop yield.</p> M.K. Kianian H. Hajimohammadi Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-05-19 2019-05-19 5 5 01 14 QUANTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MEDICAL WASTE IN PUBLIC HEALTH CARE FACILITIES WITHIN AKURE METROPOLIS, ONDO STATE, NIGERIA https://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/1262 <p>This study investigated the quantity and rate of medical waste generation in purposely selected public hospitals located within Akure metropolis of Ondo State and determined the characteristics of the waste generated. The quantity of medical waste generated was measured daily in kg per day, kg per bed per day, and kg per patient per day while, the physical and chemical characteristics were determined according to standard methods. This study indicated that the quantity of medical waste generated by Ondo State Specialist Hospital Akure, and Mother and Child Hospital Akure were 124.5 kg/day and 0.44 kg/patient/day. Over two-thirds were general waste while the remainder (30.9%) were considered to be infectious and hazardous wastes. The result obtained from physical characterization of the medical waste revealed that the percentage of moisture content and bulk density of cellulose in the medical waste composition exceed other components of the waste. However, from proximate analysis of the medical waste, cellulose has the highest percentage of fixed carbon, volatile matter and ash while the result obtained from ultimate analysis indicated that the percentage content of hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur, oxygen and carbon is higher than that of other composition of medical waste.</p> O. O. Olanrewaju Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-05-19 2019-05-19 5 5 15 30 The Economics study of Quinoa Production to Reduce Food Poverty Gap in New Valley Governorate- Egypt https://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/1277 <p>This research was undertaken to determine the economic importance of Quinoa, through identifying production constraints and economic features of the investment as well as the possibility of expansion in its production in ElKharga city, New Valley Governorate, Egypt. Quinoa seeds are very nutritious. Seed, in comparison with other cereals, is higher in protein content (approx. 14.6%). Quinoa is considered an important crop supplement for wheat and it is able to reduce the food gap in Egypt, which it is cultivated in desert areas. Economics of its cultivation in the study area was also assessed.&nbsp; The results refer to high economic efficiency of cultivating Quinoa in the study area. investment in cultivation Quinoa is economical as the gained profit was higher than opportunity cost since the return of the pound investor reached about 1.19. In addition to the positive contribution to the national income due to the increase in the added net value compared to the wages based on the social surplus.&nbsp; This research has highlighted several economic advantages about encouraging farmers, young graduates and investors to cultivate Quinoa as an untraditional crop in the New Valley. Then they should be provided by seedlings from reliable sources, knowledge about its cultivation and finally production marketing. Increasing the production and establishment food from Quinoa would result in increasing the income and establishing some industries depending on by-products like fodders and fertilizers from leaves and crop west of quinoa.</p> Dr.Sherine Mansour Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-05-19 2019-05-19 5 5 31 39 Fungicidal formulation based on essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus, Lippia multiflora and natural clay in controlling sorghum seed-borne fungi https://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/1283 <p>The fungicidal properties of formulation based on essential oils of <em>Cymbopogon citratus,</em> <em>Lippia multiflora</em> and swelling clayey powder containing montmorillonite (26 wt.%), illite (21 wt.%), kaolinite (7 wt.%), orthoclase (20 wt.%), quartz (15 wt.%), goethite (2 wt.%) and hematite (4 wt.%) with specific surface area of&nbsp; 34.68 m<sup>2</sup>/g have been tested against sorghum seed-borne fungi, on two varieties (Framida and Kapelga). Aromatized powders were applied at 100 g and 800 g for 5 kg of seeds and the infection levels were evaluated after 7 days of incubation compared with untreated seeds and seeds treated with synthetic fungicide. The aromatized powders exhibited moderate to strong antifungal activity against the fungi <em>Fusarium moniliforme </em>and <em>Phoma sorghina</em> in both varieties. The mass formulation of 800 g for 5 kg of seeds showed the best antifungal activity. Clay-<em>C.</em> <em>citratus </em>oil &nbsp;formulation was the most potent as compared to the synthetic fungicide in the two varieties. It reduced <em>P. sorghina</em> infection by 87.50% and 92.85% in Framida and Kapelga respectively. <em>F. moniliforme</em> infection was reduced by 40.74% and 74.15% respectively in Kapelga and Framida. The findings suggest that formulation based on essential oils adsorbed on swelling clayey material can be considered as alternative to synthetic fungicide for use in controlling sorghum seed-borne fungi.</p> Schémaéza BONZI Komivi DOSSA Younoussa MILLOGO Irénée SOMDA B. SORGHO Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-05-19 2019-05-19 5 5 40 54