EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158) https://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer <p><strong><span id="cell-8-name" class="gridCellContainer"><span class="label">EPH - International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research (ISSN: 2208-2158)</span></span>&nbsp;</strong> publishes a wide range of high quality research articles in the field (but not limited to) given below: Agronomy, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant pathology, Plant Science, Fertilizers and pesticides, Genetic Engineering &amp; plant breeding, Animal scienceVeterinary Science, Aquaculture/Fisheries, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural machinery etc. <br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="text-shadow: #ff6600 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 2.417</span></strong></span></p> en-US <ul> <li>All contributor(s) agree to transfer the copyright of this article to <strong>EPH Journal.</strong></li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have all the rights to distribute, share, sell, modify this research article with proper reference of the contributors.&nbsp;</li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have the right to edit or completely remove the published article on any misconduct happening.</li> </ul> editor@ephjournal.com (Naeem Akhtar) info@ephjournal.com (Naveen Malik) Sat, 31 Mar 2018 08:40:15 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 EFFICACITE ECONOMIQUE DES SYSTEMES DE PRODUCTION DANS UNE AMELIORATION DE LA PRODUCTIVITE DE MAÏS AU BENIN. https://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/579 <p>In order to test the hypothesis that the level of economic efficiency of a maize-based production system can influence its productivity, an economic inefficiency study was carried out among 411 maize farmers in the main production centers of maize in Benin. The research relied on an assessment of the technical performance of these farms using the stochastic frontier model to assess the levels of economic efficiency of 3 production systems that is large farms with intensive production systems; average farms; and small, unproductive subsistence farms, opting for the food security of the farmer. Using a Tobit truncated regression model, a relationship between economic efficiency indices and some exogenous variables or attributes was established. The results showed that only 22.70% of the variations in the annual profit of the surveyed producers are explained by the variations of the variables introduced in the model and that the variation of the output is due to the economic inefficiency. Thus, 77.3% of these variations would be due to random factors and variables not included in the model. The variation in output is due to the inefficiency of the combination of factors of production. It also appears that the levels of Allocative Efficiency indices vary between 0.85 and 0.99. The average efficiency is 0.93 for the combined set of 3 production systems. Despite the mastery of production technology, operators of the "small subsistence farming" system do not efficiently allocate productive resources. This allocative inefficiency would come mainly from the relatively high price of labor in the system. On the other hand, there is greater economic efficiency for "large farms with intensive production systems" with an index of 0.79 compared to the other two types. If the average producer of all maize-based production systems is expected to achieve the economic performance of the best-performing producer, it could achieve a resource saving of 20.21% on its current production costs.</p> TOLEBA SEIDOU Mamam, BIAOU Gauthier, ZANNOU Afio, SAÏDOU Aliou ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ephjournal.com/index.php/aer/article/view/579 Sat, 31 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0000