THE ROLE OF GREEN ENERGY SYSTEMS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
People are relying upon oil for primary energy and this will continue for a few more decades. Other
conventional sources may be more enduring, but are not without serious disadvantages. The renewable
energy resources are particularly suited for the provision of rural power supplies and a major advantage is
that equipment such as flat plate solar driers, wind machines, etc., can be constructed using local resources.
Without the advantage results from the feasibility of local maintenance and the general encouragement
such local manufacture gives to the buildup of small-scale rural based industry. This communication
comprises a comprehensive review of energy sources, the environment and sustainable development. It
includes the renewable energy technologies, energy efficiency systems, energy conservation scenarios,
energy savings in greenhouses environment and other mitigation measures necessary to reduce climate
change. This study gives some examples of small-scale energy converters, nevertheless it should be noted
that small conventional, i.e., engines are currently the major source of power in rural areas and will
continue to be so for a long time to come. There is a need for some further development to suit local
conditions, to minimise spares holdings, to maximise the interchangeability of the engine parts, and of the
engine applications. Emphasis should be placed on full local manufacture. It is concluded that renewable
environmentally friendly energy must be encouraged, promoted, implemented and demonstrated by a fullscale plant (device) especially for use in remote rural areas
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