STRUCTURAL FLOOD DEFENCE MEASURES AND EFFECTS ON THE SURROUNDINGS
Floods are one of the major natural disasters that threaten many human lives and causes significant economic losses globally every year. The aftermath of flood on society depends on the affected country’s economic strength prior to the disaster. The larger the disaster and the smaller the economy, the more significant is the effect. This is clearest seen in developing countries, where weak economies become even weaker afterwards. The research work emphasizes structural Engineering work as measures for flood defence, which include: Levees, Storm sewer system, Storm surge protection works, Spillways, Dyke, Renaturalization and Dams. The influences and drawbacks of these measures were discussed and the enormous advantages of Dam which is the major defence measures analyzed.
Taraba State, Nigeria. Paper delivered at the Annual National Conference, organized by the Association Hydrological Science at University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun, state. Nigeria 13-18.
Benson, C., Clay, E.J.,( 2004). Understanding the Economic and Financial Impacts of
Natural Disasters. Disaster Risk Management Series No. 4, World Bank, Washington, DC.
Berz, G.(2000). “Flood disasters: lessons from the past - worries for the future.” Water and
Maritime Engineering: 142.
Daily Trust (2015) Kaduna's flood of tears https://www.dailytrust.com.ng/news/feature/kaduna-s-flood-of-tears/112404.html(accessed 25-8-2017).
Freeman, P.K., (2000). Estimating chronic risk from natural disasters in developing
countries: a case study on Honduras. In: Paper for the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics-Europe. Development Thinking at the Millennium, June 26–28 2000.
Hansson, K., Ekenberg, L.,( 2002). Flood mitigation strategies for the Red River Delta.
In: Proceeding of the 2002 Joint CSCE/EWRI of ASCE International Conference on Environmental Engineering, An International Perspective on Environmental Engineering, Niagara Falls, Ont.,Canada, July 21–24.
Hansson,K.,Danielson,M.,Ekenberg,L.(2008).Framework for evaluation of flood management
strategies. Journal of Environmental management pg 465-480.
Hiver, J.M. (1995). “Voies navigables en Région Wallonne: aménagements hydrauliques et
gestion des épisodes de crue.” Journée d’étude 23/10/1995.
International commission on irrigation and drainage(ICID)(2000).Roles of Dams for
irrigation,drainage and flood control:Policy paper pg 8-9
Jones, J.A.A., (1999). Global Hydrology, Process, Resources and Environmental
Management. Addison-Wesley Longman Limited (1997).
NEMA (2016) 8 local government areas to experience flood in Kaduna State
dailypost.ng/2016/08/.../8-local-government-areas-experience-flood-kaduna-state-ne... (accessed 25-8-2017).
Obeta MC (2009) Extreme river flood events in Nigeria: A geographical perspective of
Nigerian. Journal of Geography and the Environment 1: 170-179.
Tang, W.H. and B.C. Yen. (1993). “Probabilistic inspection scheduling for dams.” In B.C. Yen
and Y.K. Tung, eds. Reliability and Uncertainty Analyses in Hydraulic Design. New York: ASCE. 107-122.
Tung, Y.K. and L.W. Mays.( 1981). “Risk and reliability model for levee design,” Water
Research 17, No. 4: 833-842.
Vanguard (2015) Flood kills 12 in Kaduna, houses submerged www.vanguardngr.com ›
News (accessed 25-8-2017).
Vanoorschot, J.H. and A.F. Preijssers. 1995. “Storm surge barrier in the New Waterway,
Rotterdam.” Proceedings of the Insti- tution of Civil Engineers, Water Maritime and Energy 112, No. 2: 159-167.
Vrijling, J.K.(1993). “Development in Probabilistic Design of Flood Defenses in the
In B.C. Yen and Y.K. Tung, eds. Reliability and Uncertainty Analyses in Hydraulic Design. New York: ASCE. 133-178.
Yen, B.C. and A.H.S. Ang.(1971). “Risk analysis in design of hydraulic projects.” Stochastic
Hydraulics. 1st International Symposium on Stochastic Hydraulics. 694-709.
Yen, B.C. and B.H. Jun.(1984). “Risk consideration in design of storm drains.” Proceedings,
Third IAHR/IAWPRC International Conference on Urban Storm Drainage, 2: 695-704. Goteborg, Sweden: Chalmers Univ. of Technology.
Yen, B.C., H.G. Wenzel, Jr., L.W. Mays, and W.H. Tang. (1976). “Advanced methodologies for
design of storm sewer systems.” Research Report No. 112, Water Resources Center. Urbana-Champaign, IL: Univ. of Illinois.
Zbigniew, W., Kundzewicz, S., Budhakooncharoen, A., Bronstert H.,Hoff, D.,
Lettenmaier, L., Menzel, Schulze, R., (2001). Floods and droughts: coping with variability and climate change. In: International Conference on Freshwater, Secretariat of the International Conference on Freshwater, Bonn. Available at: /http://www.water-2001.de/co_doc/Floods.pdfS.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
- All contributor(s) agree to transfer the copyright of this article to EPH Journal.
- EPH Journal will have all the rights to distribute, share, sell, modify this research article with proper reference of the contributors.
- EPH Journal will have the right to edit or completely remove the published article on any misconduct happening.