Chronons, Time Atoms, and Quantized Time: Time Asymmetry Re-Visited

  • Dr. Sam Vaknin

Abstract

A directional time does not feature in Newtonian mechanics, in electromagnetic theory, in quantum mechanics, in the equations which describe the world of elementary particles (with the exception of the kaon decay), and in some border astrophysical conditions, where there is time symmetry. Yet, we perceive the world of the macro as time asymmetric and our cosmology and thermodynamics explicitly incorporate a time arrow, albeit one which is superimposed on the equations and not derived from them. The introduction of stochastic processes has somewhat mitigated this conundrum.

Time is, therefore, an epiphenomenon: it does not characterize the parts – though it emerges as a main property of the whole, as an extensive parameter of macro systems.

References

Online Bibliography
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Read “Upper Time Limit, Its Gradient Curvature, and Matter” by Eytan H. Suchard (Journal of Modern Physics and Applications 2014, 2014:5)
Read “Absolute Maximum Proper Time to an Initial Event, the Curvature of Its Gradient along Conflict Strings and Matter” by Eytan H. Suchard (Journal of Modern Physics Vol.4 No.6 (2013), Article ID:33086)
Read the original paper “Upper Time Limit, Its Gradient Curvature, and Matter” by Eytan H. Suchard and a corrected, updated version (or HERE or HERE)
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Chronons (Wikipedia) and HERE
Chronons (in Science Fiction)
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Chronon Corrections to the Dirac Equations - Andrei A. Galiautdinov and David R. Finkelstein - ArXiv, June 17, 2018
Other Bibliography

Lévi, Robert (1927) - Théorie de l'action universelle et discontinue - Journal de Physique et le Radium 8 (4): 182–198
Margenau, Henry - The Nature of Physical Reality - McGraw-Hill, 1950
Yang, C. N. - On quantized space-time - Physical Review 72 (9): 874
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Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
Vaknin, D. S. (2018, September 30). Chronons, Time Atoms, and Quantized Time: Time Asymmetry Re-Visited. EPH - International Journal of Applied Science (ISSN: 2208-2182), 4(9), 06-11. Retrieved from https://ephjournal.com/index.php/as/article/view/920

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