EPH - International Journal of Biological & Pharmaceutical Science (ISSN: 2208-2166) https://ephjournal.com/index.php/bps <p><strong><span id="cell-3-name" class="gridCellContainer"><span class="label">EPH - International Journal of Biological &amp; Pharmaceutical Science (ISSN: 2208-2166) </span></span></strong> publishes a wide range of high quality research articles in the field (but not limited to) given below: biological sciences. Scope of the journal includes: Cell biology, developmental biology, structural biology, microbiology, molecular biology &amp; genetics, biochemistry, biotechnology, biodiversity, entomology, toxicology, ecology, freshwater biology, marine biology etc. <br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="text-shadow: #ff6600 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 2.448</span></strong></span></p> en-US <ul> <li>All contributor(s) agree to transfer the copyright of this article to <strong>EPH Journal.</strong></li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have all the rights to distribute, share, sell, modify this research article with proper reference of the contributors.&nbsp;</li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have the right to edit or completely remove the published article on any misconduct happening.</li> </ul> editor@ephjournal.com (Naeem Akhtar) info@ephjournal.com (Naveen Malik) Thu, 31 May 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.0.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 PREVALENCE OF MALARIA USING TWO RAPID DIAGNOSTIC TEST KIT IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF MALARIA IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA. https://ephjournal.com/index.php/bps/article/view/749 <p>This study aims at evaluating the comparative diagnostic efficiencies of two commercially available kits in relation to microscopy in detecting Plasmodium falciparum HRP-2, a poly-histidine antigen in urine and blood of febrile patients for malaria diagnosis along with blood based RDTs. This was an observational study in which matched blood and urine from&nbsp; symptomatic patients were tested for malaria using two rapid tests, with microscopy as gold standard in the outpatient clinic of Federal Teaching Hospital Gombe, Gombe state North Eastern Nigeria &nbsp;were enrolled who presented with fever (≥37.5°C). Thick films were prepared, stained and examined for malaria parasite under the microscope using the oil immersion objective while urine samples as well as blood were taken and immediately tested using RDTs.</p> <p>With the blood smear microscopy as standard, the disease prevalence was 68.4% and sensitivity for the UMT and SD Bio line (Blood RDT) was 70.1% respectively. The RDT had a specificity of 96.3% as well as the positive and negative predictive values were 97.6% and 59.7% respectively.</p> <p>The rapid diagnostic kits showed moderate level of sensitivity compared with blood smear microscopy as they show considerable acceptable levels in the diagnosis of malaria.</p> Godwin A.A., Sunday I.D ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ephjournal.com/index.php/bps/article/view/749 Wed, 30 May 2018 09:10:21 +0000 Awareness about Vertebral cancer in postgraduate biology students https://ephjournal.com/index.php/bps/article/view/586 <p>Vertebral cancer or tumor is a type of cancer which is caused either by formation of tumor in spinal cord and spread in the vertebrae, any type of cancer can proliferate vertebrae, bone cancer can also spread to spine but mostly the vertebral cancer is caused by metastasis of tumor from different parts mainly from breast, prostate, and lungs. A questioner was prepared and awareness among 38 postgraduate biology student was studied it was found that according to the results 56.6% students consider it a viral disease whereas 2% consider it as bacterial and fungal disease, 60.2% consider it as a genetic disease and 40.9% consider it a metabolic disease None of the student suffer from the disease whereas 2.63% student’s relative and family suffer from the disease, according to 23.6%student the disease can be transferred by blood and 35.57% says that it is transferred from parent to offspring’s. According to 65.5% student disease can be cured by medicine, 82.31% agreed that surgery is used for treatment and according to 8.894% student the disease is not curable, hence it was concluded that some of the postgraduate biology students were aware of disease and some have little knowledge.</p> Muhammad Imran Qadir ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ephjournal.com/index.php/bps/article/view/586 Thu, 14 Jun 2018 13:58:57 +0000