EPH - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (ISSN: 2208-2174) https://ephjournal.com/index.php/hss <p><strong> <span id="cell-6-name" class="gridCellContainer"> <span class="label"> EPH - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (ISSN: 2208-2174)</span></span>&nbsp;</strong> publishes a wide range of high quality research articles in the field (but not limited to) given below: Anthropology, Archaeology, Business Management, Business studies, Communication studies, Corporate Governance, Corporate organization, Criminology, Cross cultural, studies, Demography, Development Studies, Economics, Education etc.<br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="text-shadow: #ff6600 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 1.866</span></strong></span></p> EPH Journal en-US EPH - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (ISSN: 2208-2174) 2208-2174 <ul> <li>All contributor(s) agree to transfer the copyright of this article to <strong>EPH Journal.</strong></li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have all the rights to distribute, share, sell, modify this research article with proper reference of the contributors.&nbsp;</li> <li><strong>EPH Journal</strong> will have the right to edit or completely remove the published article on any misconduct happening.</li> </ul> MIGRATION AND CULTURAL DISSONANCE IN SELECTED AFRICAN NOVELS https://ephjournal.com/index.php/hss/article/view/1224 <p>Migration has become a very hot issue all over the world today with a lot of cultural challengesinvolved. People from the former European colonies in Africa who migrated to the metropolis after independence formed a cultural society. Because of equality in the metropolis, the migrants had a problem of integrating themselves in to the society. Despite what appears to be a large population movement, Gary Younge noted some time ago that people are not able to move as freely as commodities.There are always restrictions being put on people’s movements. Damian (2013) in‘’African Culture and International Understanding’’, states that, too often a gloomy picture is painted of the future of African culture given the battering it is presently taking from the incursion of western ideas and culture.(p.15).The threat is indeed real but caution should be exercised not to inflame it to the level it may not have reached.Admittedly, in some isolated cases it is sad to behold a child or youth that can barely speak his/her language.What culture do Africans have to transfer to their offsprings? There is the integration of modernity with African realities. A dreg of migration is insecurity. Migrants are not a homogenous and static conglomeration of people(Arango 2004). The works of African writers like Richard Wright’s <em>Black Boy</em>, RalpEllisson’s<em>Invisible Man</em>, Leopold Senghor’s<em>Ethiopiques,</em> Toni Morrisson’s<em>The Origin of Others,</em>and Bell Hook’s <em>&nbsp;Belonging: A Culture of Place,</em>portray Black diaspora communities in the West as an ethnic group on their own struggling to assert themselves as different from other groups or complaining that other groups treat them as’’ other’’ The millions of people displaced today in the world by wars hunger, religious persecution, political instability, education, family re-union, just to name a few, carry along their various cultures. This culture as well as the life of the migrant both in the home and host country is either endangered or unsecured. One of the main causes of migration in contemporary Africa is therefore insecurity. The greatest challenge of our time is thus that of insecurity in all its forms. Migration is a natural phenomenon which is bilateral. The insecurity which migrants all over the world find themselves in is drawing a lot of attention. The prevailing situation in Lybia in which migrants are being sold as slaves, locked in prison and calls are made for family members to send money, calls to mind the historical slave trade in Africa which supplied workers for European and American plantations. African migrants have formed another slave trade in Lybia today. The number of migrants that even get drowned in ships in trying to reach Europe is still on the rise.Salman Rushdie, (2002) (p.425) acknowledges that ‘’the distinguishing feature of our time is mass migration, mass displacement, globalized finances and industries’’ How can this problem of physical psychological and cultural insecurity caused by migration be curbed? The main concern in Europe is therefore a survival problem. While the African migrant is struggling to survive by adopting the culture of the host country there is urgent need to preserve the African culture in him. Critical Literature has the power to mirror complex and ambiguous realities that make it a far more credible representation of human feelings and understandings than many of the branches of scientific research. Critical Literature suggests that the subject matter is about migration and the culture and tradition of the host nation. However the fact is that although the description of the migrant’s experiences, their difficulties of adaptation, and so on play a primary role in this Literature. Migration Literature is thematically much more about the world of the post-colonial, the age of wandering, of hybridity of pre-given ethnic morals/ cultural traditions and conditions of contingency and contradiction to which a minority is subjected (HomiBhabha,1994, Edward Said 2003 p.193-195)</p> Maformba Eveline Akem Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (ISSN: 2208-2174) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-04-10 2019-04-10 4 4 01 16 AFRICAN LANGUAGES AND APPLIED LINGUISTICS: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE IN CAMEROON. https://ephjournal.com/index.php/hss/article/view/1225 <p>This article examines the efforts involved in Applied Linguistics in the domain of African Languages in Cameroon. With current focus on multilingualism and multiculturalism, proposals on curriculum and didactic material are made. The input of Maurice Tadadjeu, the Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL) and the University of Dschang are highlighted.</p> EMMANUEL NFORBI Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (ISSN: 2208-2174) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-04-10 2019-04-10 4 4 17 38 THE LANGUAGE AND CULTURAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA https://ephjournal.com/index.php/hss/article/view/1226 <p>The African continent is multilingual and multicultural in nature. Foreign languages and cultures have come to be accepted and integrated in daily life. The existence of African languages and cultures is still very vital for the continent. This paper examines the colonial influences and a way forward in Education and literacy. My personal experience as an African and researcher are at the bases of the analysis on the context, identity, education, policies, implementation and development.</p> EMMANUEL NFORBI Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (ISSN: 2208-2174) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-04-10 2019-04-10 4 4 39 61 Desirable Communal Freedom Democracy based on Comparison of Capitalism, Socialism and Communism: A View of the Ultron-Logotron Theory https://ephjournal.com/index.php/hss/article/view/1250 <p>A scientific, economic relationship among self, society and nation is still not clearly known in sociology, economics and philosophy because of lack of concrete historical human data that would enable us to substantiate it. Humanity experienced many conflicting economic and political systems. Consequently, sociologists, economists and philosophers have been investigating to study the economic relationship among self, society and nation that may lead to a desirable political and economic system for individual and social prosperity. The author presented a desirable ideology of “communal freedom democracy” based on his theory of the science of self, society and nation that is derived from the perspective of his theory of the science of self, mind and body. In this study, the ideology of “communal freedom democracy” is compared with other theories related to socio-economic systems:&nbsp; Ringmar’s “surviving capitalism”, Marx’s communism, socialism, Acemoglu and Robinson’s economic and political theory, Thaler's behavioral economics, and teachings related to economics in Confucianism. There is a considerable agreement between the ideology of “communal freedom democracy” and Ringmar’s “surviving capitalism”, Acemoglu and Robinson’s economic and political theory, or teachings related to economics in Confucianism. The “communal freedom democracy” seems to be a desirable economic and political system that would contribute to achieve individual and social prosperity, and further harmony and peace in the society and nation.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sung Jang Chung Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (ISSN: 2208-2174) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-04-10 2019-04-10 4 4 62 83 7th March Speech of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Political poetry: A Linguistic Analysis https://ephjournal.com/index.php/hss/article/view/1214 <p>In the iconic history of Bangladesh there are a number of dates which are etched, 7<sup>th</sup> March, 1971, is one of them. On this day the great national leader of Bengali era Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivered a highly spiritual speech, an immortal political poem which was about the Bengali Nation’s struggle for independence. The way he presented and the style of language of this speech is enriched with the use of aestheticism, dialect, gesture, syntax and semantics which make this speech more melodious and heart touching. Therefore, this speech of retelling the latent howling and urge of Bengali nation can be entitled as ‘Political poetry’ and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman can be called as ‘Poet of Politics’. As the Speech of Bangabandhu is presented from political aspect, it is needed to be explained from Sociolinguistic point of view with other major linguistic analysis. The study has been conducted to find the linguistic phenomena of this historical speech.</p> Shuvendhu Saha H M Mostafizur Rahman Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (ISSN: 2208-2174) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-04-10 2019-04-10 4 4 84 94 Analysis of Doctoral Programs in Leadership: Strengths and Weaknesses https://ephjournal.com/index.php/hss/article/view/1264 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The objective of this study was to analyze strengths and weaknesses of doctoral degree programs in leadership offered by Thai universities. This study was a documentary analysis, which aimed at investigating and comparing doctoral degree programs in leadership offered by Thai universities. Google search engine was employed as a tool for conducting this study. The search was conducted during the first two weeks of April 2019, which limited only the vigorous doctoral programs in leadership. Numerous keywords such as doctoral degree program in leadership, degree in leadership, and leadership program in Thai universities were used for searching for information about doctoral degree programs in leadership. Surprisingly, according to findings, there were three active programs in leadership available for those who want to study doctoral degree in leadership. Among these three institutes, Rangsit University had provided sufficient information about the program much more than Mahidol University and Surindra Rajabhat University. However, these programs had both strengths and weaknesses in which candidates need to carefully review before making a final decision to apply for one of these programs.</p> Dr. Chaiyaset Promsri Copyright (c) 2019 EPH - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (ISSN: 2208-2174) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-04-28 2019-04-28 4 4 95 100