Air Pollution: A Case Study of Asthma Children and Adults in the Urban Zones

  • Iyyanki V. Murali Krishna Former Professor and Director R&D JNTUH, Hyderabad, India
  • Prisilla * Research Scholar
  • Aruna M Associate Professor, IBS, The ICFAI Foundation for Higher Education, Hyderabad, India
Keywords: Air pollution, diseases, nitrogen dioxide, vehicles

Abstract

The traffic pollution causes the risk of inhaling fresh air to be increased when the homes are exposed to the roadways or industries. The transportation vehicles emit CO, NO2, SO2 and PM2.5 which are closely related for the key cause of asthma or other chronic respiratory diseases in children and adults. The ultimate rise of nitrogen dioxide above 35 µg/m3 in the areas of Tarnaka, Abids, Nacharam and Zoo Park in Andhra Pradesh and peak rise of above 80 µg/m3 in nitrogen dioxide in the areas such as Pritampura, Townhall and Mayapuri industrial areas in the Delhi in the year 2012 showed more children and adults suffer from asthma, chronic illness. The Karnataka state showed the results of NO2 with 31µg/m3 in four places whereas in Uttar Pradesh, the highest reading of NO2 is found to be 34µg/m3 in Renusagar colony and DIC Nunhai in the year 2012.

References

[1] C. Pe´nard-Morand et al., “Long-term exposure to close-proximity air pollution and asthma and allergies in urban children”, EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL J 2010; 36: 33–40, DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00116109.
[2] Be´ne´dicte Jacquemin et al., “Home Outdoor NO2 and New Onset of Self-Reported Asthma in Adults”, Epidemiology Volume 20, Number 1, January 2009, 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181886e76.
[3] George T. O’Connor et al., “Acute respiratory health effects of air pollution on children with asthma in US inner cities”, J ALLERGY CLIN IMMUNOL MAY 2008 doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2008.02.020.
[4] https://www.nasa.gov.in
[5] http://www.ncmrwf.gov.in
[6] Effects of nitrogen containing air pollutants: critical levels, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2000.
Published
2018-11-30
How to Cite
Krishna, I. V. M., *, P., & M, A. (2018, November 30). Air Pollution: A Case Study of Asthma Children and Adults in the Urban Zones. EPH - International Journal of Medical and Health Science (ISSN: 2456 - 6063), 4(11), 16-23. Retrieved from https://ephjournal.com/index.php/mhs/article/view/1026

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