EFFECT OF PHASE I CARDIAC REHABILITATION ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN POST CABG PATIENTS
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures. Supervised exercise program has been recommended to facilitate recovery immediately after surgery. Cardiac rehabilitation services are administered in 3 phases of which Phase I means the immediate post operative period in an acute care hospital. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the effect of the phase I CR on post CABG patients. 30 post CABG patients were taken, which were divided into control and experimental groups of 15 patients each. The patients were free from post operative complications and medically stable. The SF36 is a widely used valid generic health related QOL questionnaire. It was used to assess the patients after phase I CR. The major domain of the physical component of the health in SF36 comprised of PF, BP, RP and GH. The experimental group scored higher in all these components except BP. The mental health component included vitality, social function, role emotional and mental health. When physical component score and mental component scores in both groups were compared, the difference was found to be significant in favour of the experimental group in both the scores. In the present study, the incorporation of CR has not resulted in any post operative complications over and above the control group. None of the patients of the exercise group developed any adverse effect during hospital stay. This indicates the protocol used in the study is feasible and safe to be applied. Limitations of the study included a relative small sample size and lack of follow up.
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