Method of Estimating Joint Use of Groundwater in Transboundary Aquifers on Mathematical Models
The methodological approach to solving the problems of optimal sharing of transboundary groundwater
is determined as a result of mathematical modelling. Differential equation reproduces the confined-unconfined filtration of groundwater in the multi-stratified system as the basic approximation. Must be considered a single flow of underground waters, whose existence and properties depend on the areas of supply and discharge, which may be located in the territories of different countries. For regulation of transboundary water use the following criteria are suggested: quantitative estimation of ground and surface water depletion due to long time water discharge, calculation of extending time from contamination sources, identification of unknown location a possible source of contamination by groundwater flow velocity inversion. As an example, the results of modelling of cross-border flows underground in the territories Russia-Ukraine and Russia-Kazakhstan are given. The hydrodynamic math models have to be a subsystem of the total monitoring. Using such approach, both geological service and government authorities meet the real instrument for assessing and forecasting conditions of underground hydrosphere and efficient regulating of the anthropogenic load.
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