Physicochemical Characterization of Raw Materials for the Manufacturing of Brick
Brick manufacturing is a traditional activity carried out by the practical knowledge transmitted person to person, why there is no documentation on the raw material and manufacturing process control. The objective of this study was to determine the physicochemical characteristics of the raw material used in the fabrication of the Bricks, as a first instance to be able to make future changes for the quality assurance of the process that allow increasing the resistance to compression of the bricks. A mechanical test about the compressive strength of bricks before and after heat treatment was made. In the analysis of elemental composition, the presence of the following elements was found: C, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, Fe. These elements allowed to obtain a compressive strength of the bricks of 10 to 13kg/cm2 without heat treatment and 20 to 40 kg/cm2 with heat treatment. Morphologically particles of 5 to 300 micrometers were observed in the raw material, and in the Bricks of 15 to 250 micrometers. It is concluded that the great variation of particle size of the raw material leads to a low compressive strength. Other studies with more control in the homogenization of particle size are suggested to obtain greater compression strength. Besides the temperature control in the kiln used to heat treatment is needed. The International Standard ITINTEC 331,017, and the Standard NMX-C-404-1997, establishes 60N / cm2, and 24kg / cm2 as minimum respectively. This study serves as a basis for further studies to help control and ensure the quality of the bricks.
 Plazola, Cisneros Alfredo, Norms and Costs of Construction, editorial
 Juárez, Badillo, Soil mechanics Editorial Limusa, Mexico, 1980, Volume 1.
 ITINTEC 331.017 Technical Standard Peruvian 1976.
 NMX-C-038-0NCCE-2004 Determination of the dimensions of bricks, partitions, blocks and
walls for the construction.
 NMX-C-404-ONNCCE-1997 Specifications and test methods
 NMX-C-036-ONNCCE- 2004 Resistance to compression-method test.
 Silva Acevedo, G.; Deleon Argüello, J.A. (2009), "Determination of design parameters to
compression clay masonry red annealed with mortar cement-lime-sand 1: 2: 10 ", Thesis of
Degree, Faculty of Engineering, Autonomous University of Chiapas.
 Official Gazette of the Federal District (2004), "Technical Norms Complementary for Design
and Construction of Structures Masonry ", District Government Faith.
 Serrano G. (1997), “Manual de Prácticas de Laboratorio de Resistencia de Materiales”,
Facultad de Ingeniería, UAQ.
 Tena, A. (1997), “Materiales y elementos constituyentes de las mamposterías”, Diplomado
en análisis y diseño de estructuras, Centro de Educación Continua, Facultad de Ingeniería
 Cabrera, O. y Muñoz, M. (2002), “Estudio de las propiedades físicas y mecánicas del
tabique rojo recocido, utilizado en la construcción en el Mpo. de Querétaro”,Tesis de
Licenciatura de Ingeniero Civil, FI-UAQ, Querétaro.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
- All contributor(s) agree to transfer the copyright of this article to EPH Journal.
- EPH Journal will have all the rights to distribute, share, sell, modify this research article with proper reference of the contributors.
- EPH Journal will have the right to edit or completely remove the published article on any misconduct happening.